*Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics**And Superstring Theories*

*By: Dr.
Sam Vaknin*

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*Time
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*Anthropic
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**The Quantum String - An Integrative Approach**

Following is a series of essay which, together, constitute a detailed overview of string theories and their possible aftermath.

I, then, proceed to develop a few ideas regarding a possible integrative approach.

*Abstract*

*Strings*

Strings are described as probabilistic ripples (waves)
of spacetime (NOT in a quantum field) propagating through spacetime at
the speed of light. From the point of view of an observer in a gravitational
field, strings will appear to be point particles (Special Relativity).
The same formalism used to describe ripples in quantum fields (i.e., elementary
particles) is, therefore, applied.

Strings collapse (are resolved) and "stabilize" as folds,
wrinkles, knots, or flaps of spacetime.

The vibrations of strings in string theories are their
probabilities in this theory (described in a wave function).

The allowed, netted resonances (vibrations) of the strings
are derived from sub-Planck length quantum fluctuations ("quantum foam").
One of these resonances yields the graviton.

Strings probabilistically vibrate in ALL modes at the
same time (superposition) and their endpoints are interference patterns.

D-branes are the probability fields of all possible vibrations.

*The Universe*

A 12 dimensional universe is postulated, with 9 space
dimensions and 3 time dimensions.

Every "packet" of 3 spatial dimensions and 1 temporal
dimension curls up and creates a Planck length size "curled Universe".

At every point, there are 2 curled up Universes and 1
expressed Universe (=the Universe as we know it).

The theory is symmetric in relation to all curled Universe
("curl-symmetric").

All the dimensions - whether in the expressed Universe
(ours) or in the curled ones - are identical. But the curled Universes
are the "branches", the worlds in the Many Worlds interpretation of Quantum
Mechanics.

Such a 12 dimensional Universe is reducible to an 11
dimensional M Theory and, from there, to 10 dimensional string theories.

In the Appendix we study an alternative approach to Time:

A time quantum field theory is suggested. Time is produced
in a non-scalar field by the exchange of a particle ("Chronon").

*Table of Contents*

*A.
Overview of String and Superstring Theories*

*B.
More on the Inner Workings of String Theories*

*Excerpts
from Archives of the Narcissism List*

*Malignant
Self Love - Narcissism Revisited*

*After
the Rain - Countries in Transition*

*Internet:
A medium or a message?*

*Write to me: samvak@briefcase.com
or palma@unet.com.mk*